9 June 2012

  • In Italy, there is the famous corruption scandal of Silvio Berlusconi. The former Italian prime minister has been accused of embezzlement, tax fraud and false accounting along with attempting to bribe a judge. But he has always denied wrongdoing and has never been convicted.
  • In Spain, there is the corruption case involving Inaki Urdangarin, the son-in-law of Spain’s King Juan Carlos. Urdangarin, the Duke of Palma, along with his business partner, are accused of diverting millions of euros of public money meant for a non-profit organisation they controlled to private offshore accounts. The duke has denied any wrongdoing in the case, which has been a rare embarrassment for the Spanish royal family.
  • In Britain, several members of parliament were convicted after it was revealed that they were misusing their expense accounts.
  • See for Dutch corruption the TI report ‘National Integrity System Assessment Netherlands’, The Hague, April 2012, 345 pages, Lead Researcher Mrs Willeke Slingerland LLM, SAXION University of Applied Sciences, Enschede, the Netherlands,, +31 70 314 2452, Benoordenhoutseweg 23, 2596BA The Hague, The Netherlands.
    [and in Dutch: Michel van Hulten, ‘Corruptie Handel in Macht en Invloed’,  (Corruption Trading Power and Influence) The Hague 2011, Sdu Publishers, 216 pages, ISBN 97890127323 8]


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